14 careers with maths, chemistry and biology (With duties)

Updated 8 August 2023

Professionals with biology, chemistry and maths degrees have many career opportunities across various industries, such as health care, medicine and manufacturing they can pursue. Understanding the different job options in these fields is crucial to selecting the right career path. This way, you know which area to specialise in based on your experience and knowledge. In this article, we discuss 14 maths, chemistry and biology jobs you can explore and their responsibilities and duties.

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What are careers with maths, chemistry and biology?

Here are 14 careers with maths, chemistry and biology you may pursue:

1. Forensic science technician

National average salary: £17,995 per year

Primary duties: A forensic science technician is a crime scene investigator that gathers and analyses biological evidence from crime scenes. They prepare and analyse samples using forensic techniques, microscope and experimentation methods and present their finding to criminal investigators. Forensic science technicians pursue criminal justice by combining their scientific knowledge and observational analysis to solve crimes. Their duties may vary depending on the employer, but their day-to-day responsibilities include testifying in court, visiting and recreating crime scenes and recording observations and findings. Examples of specialities in this field include an autopsy technician and a pathologist assistant.

2. Laboratory technician

National average salary: £21,928 per year

Primary duties: A laboratory technician is a professional who maintains, prepares and sanitises laboratory equipment and instruments. They process and prepare samples for analysis, record data and work with a microscope to conduct experiments. Laboratory technicians liaise with chemical engineers to design, evaluate, perform and document data. They work in various settings, such as offices, construction sites and laboratories to collect, perform, analyse tests and write data results. Common specialities in this field include a clinical lab technician and histotechnician.

Related: What does a laboratory technician do? (Plus skills and tips)

3. Chemist

National average salary: £28,495 per year

Primary duties: A chemist is a professional who works with processes and research involving molecules, matter and compounds. They study how different substances work and how chemical compounds apply to innovation and development. Chemists liaise with laboratory technicians and researchers to experiment with and document discoveries in chemical processes. Their duties include developing formulations in the lab, reporting results of their work and testing materials for quality. Examples of specialisations in this field include chemical engineering.

Related: What does a formulation chemist do? (With duties and skills)

4. Ecologists

National average salary: £29,723 per year

Primary duties: An ecologist is a professional who studies the relationship between organisms to better understand the effects that these relationships have on ecological health. They liaise with environmental scientists and biologists to gather and analyse algae, plants and bacteria samples. Ecologists perform laboratory analysis of environmental samples to test the impact of pollution and contamination within ecosystems. Their duties may vary depending on the employer, but their main duties include writing environmental impact studies, maintaining and calibrating instruments and equipment used for field research and writing technical reports that provide information on methods used and interpretation of results.

5. Environmental scientists

National average salary: £31,128 per year

Primary duties: An environmental scientist is a professional who uses their knowledge in biology and chemistry to study and evaluate outcomes affecting the environment. They conduct field experiments to test for pollutants, contaminants and waste that can have harmful effects on nature and public health. Environmental scientists work with policy analysts and business leaders to implement solutions that eliminate pollutants and waste during industrial and commercial activities. Their duties include collecting data from reliable sources, interpreting data to find issues and conducting tests in the lab with samples from the environment.

Related: How to become an environmental scientist

6. Biologist

National average salary: £31,650 per year

Primary duties: A biologist is a professional who studies biological processes by combining their knowledge of life science with analytical methods. Their main duty is to research, identify, classify and study animals, plants and ecosystems. They also collect samples, take measurements and sketch or photograph organisms. Biologists are responsible for observing organisms to learn more about their behaviour, diets and impact on their surroundings. They work in various sectors such as genetics, molecular biology, agriculture and medical science to promote environmental and public health. Common specialities in this field include marine biologists and microbiologists.

Related: How to become a biologist

7. Biomedical technician

National average salary: £32,182 per year

Primary duties: A biomedical technician is a professional who installs, maintains and repairs medical equipment. They oversee the installation, repair and maintenance of medical equipment for treatment, evaluation and diagnostic processes. Biomedical technicians perform preventative maintenance to ensure the safe operation of biological and medical instruments. They work in hospitals or laboratories to maintain all biomedical equipment. Biomedical technicians use various tools, such as MRI and CT scanners and computer applications to inspect, calibrate, repair and test medical equipment. Common specialities in this field include a biomedical engineering technician and biomedical equipment technologist.

Related: ​What is biomechanical engineering? (Definition and roles)

8. Research associate

National average salary: £34,986 per year

Primary duties: A research associate is a professional responsible for analysing, experimenting and testing in biology and chemistry fields. They work in laboratories to conduct studies, perform experiments and collect samples in clinical trials. Research associates liaise with research directors and analysts to support developments and innovation in pharmaceuticals and healthcare. They study and analyse research involving cellular and chemical processes, such as the effects of drugs on cellular processes. Research associates work in research departments, asset management firms and financial services companies to gather, synthesise and organise data to support decision-makers.

9. Chemical engineer

National average salary: £35,523 per year

Primary duties: A chemical engineer is a professional who designs, develops and monitors chemical processes in commercial and manufacturing processes. They're responsible for developing manufacturing equipment and processes, testing and troubleshooting manufacturing designs and materials and overseeing production methods. Chemical engineers liaise with engineers, chemists, designers and researchers to apply engineering and chemical science principles. They combine their biology and maths knowledge to create solutions to challenges in commercial operations. Examples of specialities in this field include chemical and safety engineering.

Related: Your guide to securing a chemical engineer internship

10. Senior science teacher

National average salary: £39,907 per year

Primary duties: A senior science teacher is a professional who instructs medical, science and engineering students within various scientific fields. They work in biological, chemical academia and clinical departments to deliver lectures, provide instruction in scientific applications and assess students. Some senior science teachers instruct technologists and clinical specialists in using laboratory equipment and the application of scientific processes for evaluating and testing samples.

Related: How to write a cover letter for a biology teacher (Example)

11. Clinical specialist

National average salary: £42,842 per year

Primary duties: A clinical specialist is a professional who collects and tests samples to evaluate the benefits of medical products. They analyse biological samples and administer tests to assess the presence of toxins and contaminants affecting patient outcomes. Their duties include performing one or more clinical lab tests as required, documenting work, collaborating with lab technicians to diagnose medical issues and evaluating medical products or conditions. They also analyse fluids to test for parasites, drug use and cell counts to identify and monitor illnesses. Examples of specialities in this field include dermatology and diagnostic radiology.

12. Biostatistician

National average salary: £52,033 per year

Primary duties: A biostatistician is a professional who works with biological data and performs statistical research on living organisms. They liaise with science professionals such as statisticians and scientists to conduct experiments and research studies determining the risk factors of particular medicines. Biostatisticians analyse, collect and test biological samples to contribute to scientific and medical research that improves the health of organisms. They use their knowledge in maths to answer questions in public health, medicine and biology fields, including what causes cancer and whether a new drug works.

13. Physician

National average salary: £59,049 per year

Primary duties: A physician is a healthcare professional who diagnoses, studies and treats illnesses, psychological conditions and other ailments. They work to maintain, promote and restore health by treating, diagnosing and studying injuries and diseases. Their duties include taking medical histories, prescribing medications, examining patients and ordering, performing and interpreting diagnostic tests. Medical doctors are experts in scientific research and stay informed with new procedures to help improve the health outcome of patients.

Related: How long does it take to become a doctor? A career guide

14. Laboratory director

National average salary: £62,469 per year

Primary duties: A laboratory director is a professional who oversees all operations and processes in the lab. Their responsibilities include managing personnel, supervising procedures, completing administrative duties and maintaining equipment. Laboratory directors also manage the hiring process, ensuring laboratory facilities employ qualified individuals and personnel follow mandatory processes and test documentation. Some laboratory directors may assist with planning experiments and interpreting test results.

Salary figures only reflect data as listed on Indeed at the time of writing. Salaries may vary depending on one's educational background, experience, employer and location.

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