A guide to land and environment jobs (including salary info)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 20 April 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

If you're passionate about the environment and making a lasting positive impact, there are many jobs that help the environment to choose from. Whether you're looking to enter the agricultural industry, public sector or embark on a science career, there's a job in land and environment protection for you. Learning about the different types of environmental and land jobs can help you decide if the sector is right for you. In this article, we look at some of the top land and environment jobs to help you find one.

What are the most common land and environment jobs?

There is a wide range of land and environment jobs on the market today, so you're bound to find one that suits your professional goals. The most common roles include:

1. Agricultural contractor

National average salary: £41,199 per year

Primary duties: Agricultural contractors provide several different services to the farming industry, including livestock services, mobile operations and agricultural operations. Agricultural operations deal with field and land services, mobile operations offer temporary equipment for seasonal farm use and livestock services involve maintaining the health and well-being of farm animals. Agricultural contractors usually work one job at a time and frequently travel to different locations in an area. Some contractors may only offer limited services, such as manure spreading or specialised ground crop spraying, while others offer a wide range of field and land services.

2. Agricultural engineer

National average salary: £32,500 per year

Primary duties: One of the most popular jobs working with the environment is agricultural engineering. Agricultural engineers help to make farming practices environmentally friendly, safe and sustainable. They do this by analysing existing agricultural practices and looking at new methods and technologies to conserve resources, increase yields and improve land use. A career as an agricultural engineer it combines agricultural principles with chemical, electrical, civil and mechanical engineering principles. Agricultural engineers develop methods and design equipment for harvesting, planting and land preparation using smart, automation and precision technologies with existing and new equipment.

Related: How to become an agricultural engineer

3. Archaeologist

National average salary: £24,647 per year

Primary duties: Archaeologists study the behaviour, development and origin of societies and human beings from the past and present. They examine the physical characteristics, archaeological remains behaviours, languages and cultures of people from all over the world and develop theories about them. Archaeologists use a wide range of scientific sampling techniques to calculate where to dig on each archaeological site. They then interpret, categorise, record and observe their findings and share them with the public and other scientists. Archaeologists build on their knowledge of the biological, physical and social sciences, plus the humanities.

4. Cartographer

National average salary: £25,929 per year

Primary duties: Cartographers use a combination of technology, science and art to create, analyse and measure charts and maps for educational, cultural and political purposes. They also revise existing charts and maps to make updates, adjustments and corrections. Cartographers use remote testing systems and geodetic surveys to analyse and collect geographical data, such as annual precipitation patterns, demographic characteristics and population density. They compile and examine data from satellite images, aerial photographs, reports and ground surveys to prepare thematic maps in graphic or digital form. These maps can then be put to use for design, educational, business, political, environmental and social purposes.

5. Climate scientist

National average salary: £32,934 per year

Primary duties: Climate scientists, or climatologists, study weather patterns over a set period. Their responsibilities are similar to meteorologists, but they work with a much broader timescale and study patterns over months, years, decades or centuries. They interpret and study charts, photographs, maps reports and data to predict long and short term patterns using computer models and use these to prepare briefings and forecasts for governmental, commercial and industrial clients. They apply their specialised knowledge to issues such as natural disasters, agriculture and global warming and contribute to international discussions about these issues.

6. Commercial energy assessor

National average salary: £29,138 per year

Primary duties: Commercial energy assessors, also known as non-domestic energy advisors, work in the green economy sector, offering services to architecture companies and other industries. Commercial energy assessors carry out detailed energy assessments of buildings and provide businesses with non-domestic energy performance certificates to indicate the site's energy efficiency. Commercial energy assessors make a significant impact on protecting the environment, as they assess very large buildings with high energy consumption. They review each building's EPC software use, data input, heating systems, number of floors and the number and size of the rooms to make a detailed assessment.

7. Corporate responsibility and sustainability practitioner

National average salary: £33,901 per year

Primary duties: Corporate responsibility and sustainability practitioners are an organisation's social conscience, helping to drive and innovate ambitions for environmental and social change. These professionals are found in organisations within the third, private and public sectors in all industries and are becoming more important in various business models. Corporate responsibility and sustainability practitioners act as ambassadors for their organisation and drive change by delivering their CR&S strategy. They work with a range of external and internal stakeholders across multiple functions and sites and help employees understand their role in meeting the organisation's CR&S goals and how their actions impact the environment.

Related: 5 benefits of corporate social responsibility with examples

8. Ecologist

National average salary: £29,885 per year

Primary duties: Ecologists help to restore and protect the natural environment by researching how human activity impacts ecosystems and individual species. Ecologists usually specialise in one area, such as flora, fauna, terrestrial, marine or freshwater, and conduct surveys to monitor, record and identify species and their different habitats. Ecologists employ a wide range of habitat survey techniques and sampling strategies, such as maps, records, aerial photography, Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). They also advise and liaise with planners, engineers and site managers working on a survey and build relationships with stakeholders and members of the public.

9. Forestry worker

National average salary: £26,396 per year

Primary duties: Conservation and forest workers improve and measure the quality of forests to protect, develop and maintain them under the supervision of conservation technicians and foresters. Forestry workers plant seedlings to reforest land, clear away debris from camping areas, roadsides and camping trails and help suppress and prevent forest fires. Forestry workers select suitable trees to cut according to their grades, types, sizes and markings and spray remaining trees with fungicides and insecticides to kill any dangerous insects and protect the trees from developing life-threatening diseases. Forestry workers locate and remove any undesirable or diseased trees.

10. Gamekeeper

National average salary: £25,000 per year

Primary duties: The role of a gamekeeper is to encourage and look after the game population in a fishing or shooting area. They do this by either enhancing the breeding potential of wild stock and protecting their wellbeing or by releasing and rearing game animals. Gamekeepers take care of the husbandry of wild and reared game for sporting shooting, alongside being land managers. Their skills and knowledge play a crucial role in the care of the countryside in both lowland and upland areas. Gamekeepers work closely with external governing agencies, shoot managers, farmers and landowners to create and improve habitats.

11. Geoscientist

National average salary: £40,775 per year

Primary duties: Geoscientists work in the development and discovery of exploitable and commercially viable reserves of natural resources, such as water, minerals, gas and oil. Some geoscientists work in oceanography, land reclamation, environmental protection, volcanology and seismology, but whichever field they choose to work in, they study the physical structure of the Earth. There is a wide range of jobs available in geoscience, including sedimentology, mining engineering, hydrogeology, geochemistry, geology and geophysics. General geoscientist responsibilities include collecting geological, geochemical and geophysical information from well and seismic data, plus other sources.

Related: Learn more about an engineering geologist job profile

12. Meteorologist

National average salary: £33,589 per year

Primary duties: Meteorologists study the climate and weather using data from the atmosphere, land and sea. They use mathematical and computerised models to create long and short-range weather forecasts and study conditions and climate patterns. Meteorologists usually specialise in either research or weather forecasting. People who opt for a career in forecasting provide a variety of organisations with weather predictions, such as aviation businesses, farmers, insurance companies, media businesses and the armed forces. People who choose to opt for the research route study the impact of climate change and weather patterns on the environment.

Related: How to Become a Meteorologist

13. Recycling officer

National average salary: £22,534 per year

Primary duties: Recycling officers typically work for local councils to implement and develop policies to help residents recycle items easily. They also offer advice to the public and run schemes and events to promote recycling. Recycling officers have a wide range of responsibilities, such as responding to complaints and queries from the public, managing contractors, visiting local community organisations, schools, businesses and recycling centres and maintaining budgets. They also train, support and recruit local volunteers within the community, monitor existing recycling facilities and stay informed about legislation and current best practice.

Salary figures reflect data listed on the quoted websites at time of writing. Salaries‌ ‌may‌ ‌‌vary‌‌ ‌depending‌ ‌on‌ ‌the‌ ‌hiring‌ ‌organisation‌ ‌and‌ ‌a‌ ‌candidate's‌ ‌experience,‌ ‌academic‌ background‌ ‌and‌ ‌location

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