What are the types of technology? (With definition)

Updated 24 August 2023

Most individuals utilise some type of technology daily either to make their lives easier, more comfortable or more entertaining. There are various forms of technology, and each carries its own set of functions designed to improve the efficiency of certain activities. Even if you're not in a technology-related industry, it's possible to get a deeper understanding of many forms of technology and discover how they help you enhance your everyday life. In this article, we examine what technology is and provide a list of some of the many types of technology.

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What are the types of technology?

The types of technology when compared to one another, remain completely distinct and serve different functions. Within each category, there are also technology subtypes. The following are seven different types of technological advancements:

Information technology (IT)

Data retrieval, transmission and networking make up aspects of information technology, and typically the principal use of this technology type takes place in corporations and the corporate sector. Also, its usage increased in company sectors where productivity remains critical. The automating speed that IT solutions provide as compared to human alternatives significantly helps to boost productivity. Information technology also remains critical in the collection and analysis of crucial data, such as information on consumers and analyses of the manufacturing process.


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Modern biotechnology enables the development of breakthrough approaches and solutions for the management of pain and uncommon illnesses. This type contributes to reducing poor and unwanted environmental consequences, promoting the use of cleaner energy and promoting the use of cleaner and more effective industrial production methods. People classify biotechnology into seven subcategories based on its uses:

  • Red biotechnology: This includes the production of vaccinations and the fabrication of biomedical implants, regenerative treatments and diagnostic tests.

  • Green biotechnology: This sort of biotechnology aids in the control of pests, resistance to severe weather and microbes and the nutrition of crops.

  • Blue biotechnology: This exploits sea resources to manufacture and design industrial applications and products.

  • Yellow biotechnology: This works around food production. For example, carrying out research to minimise saturated fat levels in cooking oils.

  • Grey biotechnology: This focuses on environmental concerns and addresses the development of biodiversity and the extraction of pollutants.

Related: How to become a biotechnologist: a step-by-step guide

Communication technology

Commination technology refers to technology that people use to interact with one another. The telegraph and Morse code make up two early instances of information and communication technology. A few examples of more recent communication technology include audio and visual material on television sets. Individuals use television to transmit critical information and provide entertainment. Many people believe that the Internet remains the most influential and successful kind of communication technology available today. Using text communications alongside video and audio messages, individuals from all over the globe communicate with one another.

With the Internet, you're able to contact anybody in the world nearly instantly and exchange information with anyone else. As a result, it's a strong tool for a wide range of organisations. Mobile phones replaced the traditional telephone as a contemporary convenience. Individuals use them to contact and communicate with people all over the world and hold a conversation with them. The Internet operates via a network and with many types of phones, allowing users to interact in a range of methods, such as text messaging or video chats.

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Nuclear technology

Examples of nuclear technology include the generation of electrical energy, radiation, smoke detectors, the sanitation of disposable items and the employment of radioisotope thermal generators in space exploration missions. Sometimes, vast quantities of energy can release from the atom's nuclei when changes take place in their structure. Nuclear technology encompasses any procedures which modify such alterations in the nuclei of certain materials and convert them into useful energy. This type of technology remains widely utilised in nuclear power reactors to generate energy.

Nuclear power refers to an effective and environmentally friendly method of heating water to produce steam, which then powers the spinning turbines to produce electricity. These plants create energy by fissioning nuclear materials such as uranium or plutonium, obtained by a process known as fissioning in which the nucleus of an atom splits into two or more smaller nuclei.

Related: How to become a nuclear engineer? (A step-by-step guide)

Medical technology

Clinical medicine and medical technology refer to the application of science to the development of technology and solutions to make a positive impact by addressing common health concerns or by fighting difficult and lethal illnesses. From eyeglasses and bandages to x-ray machines, medical technology appears to help doctors and practitioners in lowering the burden of health-related problems in everyday life. In the healthcare sector, people use medical technology to identify possible and present health issues. For example, they may conduct an MRI scan to discover the source of the pain precisely and accurately.

Common types of equipment such as blood pressure monitors and glucose metres make up some of the products of medical technology. Each day, this equipment remains vital to monitor a person's health status to prevent or decrease the occurrence of any undesirable circumstance. Medical technology such as defibrillators and other kinds of life-saving equipment remain utilised in emergencies to save a person's life. Medical technology makes up the most essential and influential applications and types of technology since it truly saves lives.

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Electrical technology

Many components of contemporary technology, in some form or another, remain powered by electricity. It's recommended that you familiarise yourself with these components if you intend to work with modern technology. The many applications of electrical technology include:

Electrical currents

Computers work based on electrical currents that pulse at a high pace. The binary code refers to the fundamental building block of computers, and it decides even if there isn't an electrical current. A computer carries out a variety of operations depending on the sequence in which a device processes, interprets and creates functions out of data sequences. People utilise computers for a variety of tasks, including accessing the Internet and printing tangible copies of digital material.

Circuitry A

This type of circuit refers to a group of electronic systems that work together to achieve a certain purpose. An example of an electrical system in action is a computing device, which refers to a small component that converts electrical impulses into a computer code. Electrical circuits make up a wide variety of modern-day devices, including computers, remote controls, mobile phones, appliances and other similar products.

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Artificial intelligence (AI)

This refers to a computer system that's meant to make choices and conduct activities on its own without human intervention. Artificial intelligence remains often used in varying degrees of complexity in many of our regular chores. Using artificial intelligence, for example, with Internet navigation applications helps to determine the most efficient route for a traveller based on factors such as traffic and road closures. Artificial intelligence appears in search engines too. Search engines utilise artificial intelligence to find the best results to present to each individual user.

Related: Industry uses of artificial intelligence

Mechanical technology

Vehicles built by motorised robots, 3D printers and power plants make up some of the examples of mechanical technology. Mechanical technology remains primarily concerned with the procedures for assembling mechanical components and materials to construct functioning structures and regulate or transmit motion. Typical examples include bicycle brakes, door latches and gear systems in vehicle transmissions.

To create functional goods and production gear, it's important for mechanical engineers to utilise concepts from product development, materials engineering and manufacturing processes. They're also largely responsible for troubleshooting and maintenance in the continuing operation of machinery and automated equipment. Topics covered by mechanical technology include:

  • free vibrations

  • bearings and clutches

  • dynamics of a rigid body

  • motion

  • the flow of liquids

Related: A guide to computer science vs mechanical engineering

What is the definition of technology?

Technological innovation refers to the application of scientific understanding for practical reasons or uses, whether in the workplace or in our daily life. Technology may refer to a piece of equipment, yet that equipment might be either very basic or sophisticated in its complexity. It's anything from the invention of the wheel all the way up to laptops, computers and iPods and anything in between.

Many technical processes create undesirable by-products, termed pollution and result in resource depletion. Minimising these is critical to the health of the ecosystem on this planet. Technological innovation impacts the ideals of a society, which brings both a challenge and an opportunity to use technology morally and for justice.


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