On-The-Job Training Examples (With Benefits and Tips)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 30 November 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

On-the-job training is a useful tool in the workplace that professionals in all industries can use to gain practical experience and technical knowledge. Depending on your career, you may participate in on-the-job training when you begin a new role, or you may create an on-the-job training programme for your team members in an HR or leadership role. Learning more about on-the-job training and seeing examples could help you better understand this concept. In this article, we provide on-the-job training examples, describe what they include and list the potential benefits of pursuing on-the-job training.

On-the-job training examples

There are many types of on the job training available to professionals. The type of training you receive depends on the company you're working for and your industry. On-the-job training examples you may see in the workplace include the following:


Orientation is a type of training most commonly used for new employees. As a form of on-the-job training, orientation allows recruits to become accustomed to their working environment, as well as any company-specific codes of conduct or procedures that they have to learn. Many companies also include additional tasks during orientation training, such as any necessary paperwork, training videos and quizzes on policies.

Some types of orientation training may require new employees to successfully pass a test. This test typically comes as answering written questions, but could also comprise a verbal test by a supervisor or individual in a similar rank.


Self-instruction training is a type of on-the-job training that the learner can access at any point. Because of this, self-instruction training is ideal for employees to do outside of work hours, on a basis that is suitable for them. Self-instruction training is most commonly completed on a digital device such as a phone, laptop or computer. Many self-instruction training courses are mobile compatible. There are many popular self-instruction platforms that employers can utilise to make training accessible and efficient for their employees.


Internships are one of the most popular types of on-the-job training. This is because they provide people with an opportunity to learn more about working in a particular role without actually being in employment. Many internships can lead to employment, depending on the performance of the intern and the requirements of the company. In an internship, you may receive payment or you may work as a free intern, depending on the company.

Intern roles are most commonly filled by young people looking to gain experience in the workplace before they begin applying for entry-level positions. Many companies run annual internship schemes to find their next cohort of promising recruits or to give experience to underrepresented groups. If you're completing your education currently, you may pursue an internship opportunity.

Related: Internships vs. Apprenticeships: Similarities and Differences


Shadowing is a common form of on-the-job training for new professionals beginning a new career. The shadowing process is where a new employee observes an established employee for a period, such as a day, and uses the experience to learn about the role. Shadowing is useful because it allows the new employee to directly ask the senior employee questions and gain invaluable feedback. One of the most influential factors that can make shadowing successful is effective communication. If you're participating in a job shadow, try to ask questions and listen actively.


Co-worker training is similar to shadowing because it is one employee teaching another. The difference between the two is that there is no hierarchy between the employee who is teaching and the employee who is learning. It may even be two employees teaching each other what they've learnt whilst on the job.

There are many benefits to co-worker training, including improving the relationships between colleagues and raising the overall morale and productivity within a department. Another advantage of co-worker training is that it can occur during the normal workday.

Related: Forming Relationships With Work Colleagues


Delegation training is a specific type of on-the-job training that requires a high level of trust between a manager and a team member. Delegation training is when the manager or leader assigns the employee a new task. This is so the lower-level employee can learn new skills and prepare for future opportunities such as promotion and learn more about the company's functions.

Delegating tasks requires a lot of trust on the manager's behalf and a lot of autonomy and intuition on behalf of the training employee. If you're a manager, try to select tasks you're confident that the employee is capable of handling. This can increase the effectiveness of the training.

Practice simulation

Practice simulation training is a type of training where the employee completes a simulation course of possible real-life scenarios. Practice simulations are common in many industries, including in medical environments where employees can practise a procedure before carrying it out on a real patient. As well as training new employees, practice simulators are often used to upskill existing employees by immersing them in new situations. Practice simulators are typically as realistic as possible to be effective, and there are many developers dedicated to creating true-to-life practice simulations.


Refresher training is a type of on-the-job training that enables employees to refresh their knowledge on a particular topic. Whether this is company-specific procedures, good customer service practices, or what to do in the event of a health and safety breach, refresher training courses are ideal for all employees to carry out regularly to ensure they are up-to-date with the latest company proceedings. Similar to orientation training, there are many programmes and apps dedicated to carrying out refresher training, with companies able to customise the programmes to suit their individual needs.

Related: Retraining: What To Know When Broadening Your Skills

Job rotation

Job rotation training is an excellent option for employees that want to build a picture of the company as a whole. For instance, an editorial assistant may go through job rotation training to experience being a marketing assistant and a publicity assistant. Though this may not improve the employee's skill set in their role, it helps them stay informed about how their job plays into the grand scheme of the company.

Job rotations can be useful for new and existing employees. It can also help employees realise that they're better suited to another role, which improves productivity for the company. Job rotation also promotes a sense of cohesiveness between departments, as they can understand the important role that each of them has.

Related: Resignation Letter Due to a Career Change: Tips and Examples

Committee assignment

Committee assignment training is when a superior asks a group of employees to form a committee and complete a task. Often, this task involves copious amounts of planning, research and problem-solving. Committee assignment training has several benefits, including bringing employees closer together, improving employees' knowledge and raising productivity among members of staff. Those participating in a committee assignment may also benefit from increased morale as they feel like they are proactively contributing to the success of the company.

Benefits of on-the-job training

There are many reasons to choose on the job training. Benefits of on the job training include:

  • Faster learning: On the job training allows new employees to learn faster than if they were to study a company's practices alone and without any guidance. Employees may learn better within the same environment they may be working in, resulting in quicker adaption to their role and workload.

  • Easier set-up: On the job training often requires minimal set-up as many of the types of training are done in-situ, using readily available resources. If the training requires a specialist program, all that's needed is that initial purchase and then set-up is easy to pull off.

  • Stronger relationships: On the job training is often carried out between multiple employees, be that co-worker training, committee assignment training, shadowing or job rotation. This improves relationships between colleagues who might not usually talk and often makes the bonds within a department stronger, leading to better staff morale and rates of productivity.

Tips for choosing on-the-job training

If you're in an HR or leadership role, or you're choosing from a variety of training programmes at a new company, here are some tips to select a type of on-the-job training:

  • Consider your situation: With so many different examples of on-the-job training, you have a variety of choices to find something that fits your unique situation. Consider your industry, company culture and personal goals to help you select a programme to reach your objective.

  • Communicate effectively: Communicating about any training taking place can make the entire process more effective and enjoyable for everyone involved. Consider sharing the training's purpose and plan to help increase engagement.

  • Review regularly: If you establish an on-the-job training programme, consider taking time to review it regularly to make changes and improve. When participating in a training, consider reviewing your progress regularly.

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