Civil Engineer Job Description: Top Duties and Qualifications

A Civil Engineer, or Engineering Consultant, plays an important role in creating, maintaining and protecting the environment to make it habitable and conducive for economic and social activities. The duties of Civil Engineers include designing, planning and supervising construction projects, including roads, bridges, building construction and railways.

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Civil Engineer duties and responsibilities

Depending on whether the Civil Engineer is a contractor or consultant, they can either work in an office, creating blueprints and analysing data required on the site, or in the field. They also measure the potential financial, environmental and socio-economic costs of projects and materials and perform a series of assessments to ensure projects are delivered on schedule within budget. Some important duties and responsibilities of Civil Engineers include:

  • Performing technical and feasibility studies, including analysing maps, survey reports, plans and related data to create and design civil engineering projects.
  • Determining construction costs, local and professional building regulations, environmental impacts and other factors that can affect project implementation.
  • Carrying out extensive environmental impact assessments and identifying potential risk factors that can affect project delivery.
  • Using engineering computer software such as MATLAB and AUTOCAD to develop detailed project blueprints.
  • Collaborating with professionals such as Architects and Engineers or clients.
  • Enforcing engineering, local and legal regulations like health and safety protocols on-site.

Civil Engineer Job Description Examples:

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Civil Engineer

"MTC Engineering is a highly regarded civil engineering consultancy specialising in civil design work, highways and transportation, flood risk, and drainage on a wide and varied range of projects that are primarily located in East Anglia and London, with further information about ourselves available at [website] You will have graduated with at least a 2:1 Civil Engineering degree in 2019, 2020 or 2021. Excellent verbal and written communication skills are essential, as is the ability to work well in a small team. The role will involve assisting the more senior engineers and directors in a wide range of areas, including the detailed design of adoptable and private highways, foul and surface water drainage systems, external levels and construction details, along with the production of planning documents required to gain permission for new developments including Flood Risk Assessments, Drainage Strategies, and Transport Assessments. Basic knowledge of AutoCAD is essential, either from university training or from previous work experience. Previous use of Microdrainage, Arcady/Picady, or HEC-RAS software would be an advantage but is not essential and full training will be provided where necessary to aid development, with the opportunity to gain all round experience in civil engineering consultancy and design projects. This is an excellent opportunity to begin a career in Civil Engineering design by gaining all round experience in consultancy and design projects at a respected and growing consultancy with a bright future that offers plenty of opportunity for rapid career progression for the right candidate. A generous salary will be offered and is negotiable depending upon experience and ability, likely to start in the region of £20,000 to £25,000 [website] *MTC Engineering (Cambridge) Ltd. provided the following inclusive hiring information: * We are an equal opportunity employer and considers all qualified applicants equally without regard to race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, veteran status, or disability status. Job Types: Full-time, Permanent Salary: per year Schedule: * Monday to Friday Education: * Bachelor's (preferred) Experience: * Structural Engineering: 1 year (preferred) Work remotely: * No"
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Civil Engineer

"Civil Engineer - Newcastle Persimmon Homes North East has a vacancy for an experienced Civil Engineer to join their successful and growing team. This role will be based in the regional office in Newcastle. Who are we? Building around 16,500 beautifully designed new homes a year in more than 350 prime locations nationwide; Persimmon is one of the UK's leading house-builders, committed to the highest standards of design, construction and service. We believe our quality really differentiates us from the competition. In fact, our reputation is built on quality. We build quickly and efficiently and expect a lot from our office and site teams, however in turn we’ll reward you for your commitment and hard work and recognise your contribution to the business. As a Civil Engineer you will be an integral part of the Technical department, reporting to the Technical Manager. They will support you and develop you in the way Persimmon operate and give you clear objectives. Your role as Engineer will be to support a number of housing developments through the delivery of cost effective engineering solutions. You will need to be adaptable and strong in your management approach with a consistent approach to managing external consultants. The role will principally be to review external consultants work, co-ordinate the design process, provide valued engineered solutions and provide support to the Land Department in producing engineering viability reports for land acquisitions. You will also be expected to produce some in-house design CAD work. If this sounds appealing to you we will require: That you will be experienced in the co-ordination of residential projects, particularly with regard to highways, drainage, utilities, sustainability and other engineering/technical related matters and ideally also with a sound knowledge of geotechnical and structural disciplines. The candidate will have excellent interpersonal skills, being able to manage and coordinate the full range of consultants, authorities and utility providers before, during and post construction. An ability to act independently including programming and planning is essential. The successful candidate should have a Civil Engineering related qualification [website] Degree, HND or HNC (or equivalent) and be experienced in the design and co-ordination of residential projects. It is essential you will have a sound knowledge of Local Highway Authority Standards, NHBC Standards, DMRB, Planning Policy Guidelines and Sewers for Adoption. Sound knowledge of S104, S185 S38 / 278 Agreements are essential. What’s in it for you? A competitive salary and benefits package including a pension, life insurance, company car or car allowance, healthcare and a generous bonus. Above all an honest driven approach which offers broad experience and the chance to work with some great people! Persimmon offer flexible working arrangements with the agreement of the Head of Department. Follow us on Instagram Persimmon are Proud Sponsors of Team GB No Agencies please – Persimmon will not accept speculative CVs as a means of introduction Reference ID: Civil Engineer North east Job Types: Full-time, Permanent Salary: From £1.00 per year Additional pay: * Bonus scheme Benefits: * Company car * Company events * Company pension * Employee discount * Life insurance * On-site parking * Private medical insurance * Sick pay * Store discounts Schedule: * Monday to Friday Work remotely: * Temporarily due to COVID-19"
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Civil Engineer

"Civil Engineer – Newcastle Persimmon Homes North East has a vacancy for an experienced Civil Engineer to join their successful and growing team. This role will be based in the regional office in Newcastle. Who are we? Building around 16,500 beautifully designed new homes a year in more than 350 prime locations nationwide; Persimmon is one of the UK’s leading house-builders, committed to the highest standards of design, construction and service. We believe our quality really differentiates us from the competition. In fact, our reputation is built on quality. We build quickly and efficiently and expect a lot from our office and site teams, however in turn we’ll reward you for your commitment and hard work and recognise your contribution to the business. As a Civil Engineer you will be an integral part of the Technical department, reporting to the Technical Manager. They will support you and develop you in the way Persimmon operate and give you clear objectives. Your role as Engineer will be to support a number of housing developments through the delivery of cost effective engineering solutions. You will need to be adaptable and strong in your management approach with a consistent approach to managing external consultants. The role will principally be to review external consultants work, co-ordinate the design process, provide valued engineered solutions and provide support to the Land Department in producing engineering viability reports for land acquisitions. You will also be expected to produce some in-house design CAD work. If this sounds appealing to you we will require: That you will be experienced in the co-ordination of residential projects, particularly with regard to highways, drainage, utilities, sustainability and other engineering/technical related matters and ideally also with a sound knowledge of geotechnical and structural disciplines. The candidate will have excellent interpersonal skills, being able to manage and coordinate the full range of consultants, authorities and utility providers before, during and post construction. An ability to act independently including programming and planning is essential. The successful candidate should have a Civil Engineering related qualification [website] Degree, HND or HNC (or equivalent) and be experienced in the design and co-ordination of residential projects. It is essential you will have a sound knowledge of Local Highway Authority Standards, NHBC Standards, DMRB, Planning Policy Guidelines and Sewers for Adoption. Sound knowledge of S104, S185 S38 / 278 Agreements are essential. What’s in it for you? A competitive salary and benefits package including a pension, life insurance, company car or car allowance, healthcare and a generous bonus. Above all an honest driven approach which offers broad experience and the chance to work with some great people! Persimmon offer flexible working arrangements with the agreement of the Head of Department. Follow us on Instagram Persimmon are Proud Sponsors of Team GB No Agencies please – Persimmon will not accept speculative CVs as a means of introduction ‘Offers of employment are subject to a satisfactory background check [website] employment history and criminal record check. These background checks are job specific to certain vacancies within Persimmon’"

What does a Civil Engineer do?

Civil Engineers conceptualise, design and manage construction projects such as residential buildings, public infrastructure such as airports, dams, power plants, roads, stadiums, railways, harbours and water systems. Civil Engineers maintain civil engineering structures and play a pivotal role in the environment’s protection.

Depending on their experience and the project, Civil Engineers can work in a contracting or consulting role. Consultant Civil Engineers design the layout and frameworks of civil engineering projects. Contractor Civil Engineers use these designs to deliver structures on the site. The job responsibilities of Civil Engineers depend on their specialty as a consultant or contractor.

Civil Engineer skills and qualifications

A successful Civil Engineer candidate has various prerequisite skills and qualifications they typically include:

  • Working knowledge of design software, including AutoCAD Civil 3D,Autodesk and HydroCAD modelling
  • Experience in site layout, erosion control, utility design and environmental impact assessment
  • Proficiency in project management, cost control and problem solving
  • Excellent written and verbal communication skills
  • Working knowledge of relevant regulations and legislation

Civil Engineer experience requirements

Civil Engineers may have a university degree, its equivalent or apprenticeships. School leavers with the requisite professional qualifications can also qualify for a civil engineering role if they have relevant job experience. Civil Engineers who specialise in consultancy should be proficient in creating blueprints with design software such as Autodesk and AutoCAD Civil 3D.

Civil Engineers must have a good understanding of the health and safety protocols of project sites and know how to navigate local building regulations. Capable Civil Engineers are also exceptional Project Managers. They know how to identify and mitigate risks and can deliver projects within budget and on time.

Civil Engineer education and training requirements

A Civil Engineer typically need a Bachelor’s Degree in Civil Engineering or other relevant discipline accredited by the Institute of Civil Engineers. These courses provide a strong background in core engineering subjects such as mathematics, building and construction technology and engineering design. Candidates should also have proven working experience in a civil engineering role and licensure as a Professional Engineer.

Some candidates do an apprenticeship while others leave school with relevant industry experience and credentials. Civil Engineers need accreditation from the Institute of Civil Engineers. Some roles may require candidates to have a Master’s Degree or get a Chartered Engineer Certification. Candidates can also have an Incorporated Engineer status along with many other industry-recognised certifications.

Civil Engineer salary expectations

According to Indeed Salaries, the average salary of a Civil Engineer is £35,575 per year. However, salary depends on factors such as job responsibilities, experience, location and the employer.

Job description samples for similar positions

If a Civil Engineer doesn’t meet your needs, here are related job description samples:

Civil Engineer job description FAQs

What qualities make a good Civil Engineer?

The following attributes are important to look for in successful Civil Engineer candidates:

  • Organisational skills
  • Decision-making skills
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Technical expertise
  • Project management skills
  • Leadership skills

What should you look for in a Civil Engineer CV?

The most important things to look for in a Civil Engineer CV include:

  • Experience including projects, internships, research and field work
  • Technical skills
  • Leadership experience
  • Relevant education

What are the different types of Civil Engineer?

There are several types of Civil Engineers with titles based on their industry, including:

  • Geotechnical Engineer
  • Water Engineer
  • Construction and Management Engineer
  • Structural Engineer
  • Architectural Engineer

Job Description Examples

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