Engineer Job Description: Top Duties and Qualifications

An Engineer, or Project Engineer, is responsible for designing, building and maintaining structures or processes. Their duties include drawing up plans for a new design, running quality-control tests on a new product and overseeing construction projects.


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Engineer duties and responsibilities

An Engineer is primarily responsible for providing solutions to practical problems, be they electrical, mechanical or civil. Due to the wide-ranging nature of the role, the exact day-to-day duties will vary depending on the industry in which they work. An IT Engineer will spend a lot of time behind the computer, while a Civil Engineer may be outside taking measurements for a new road. Their main duties and responsibilities include:

  • Taking ideas from the initial design stage through to the production process
  • Drawing up detailed technical plans for ideas and concepts
  • Using mathematical and scientific skills to create workable, real-world solutions to problems
  • Selecting the appropriate materials for a new product or a new construction
  • Calculating an accurate cost analysis forecast for a project
  • Completing the required technical and regulatory documents
  • Rigorously testing products, software or infrastructure
  • Ensuring projects are completed on-time with the specified budget
  • Maintaining and developing their personal engineering skills and knowledge


Engineer Job Description Examples:



"We are a family owned company and due to our continued success and growth over the last year O’Briens Range Cookers are looking for a Aga/Rayburn Service Engineer. We offer the highest standards of service, combined with a wealth of knowledge (over 100 years combined experience), but with the values of a family owned company. We cover a area from Wiltshire, Dorset, Somerset, Bath and Bristol, so looking for an engineer within these areas. Our job management system enables our engineers to start from home everyday, but there will be a need to return to the office at least bi-weekly. Must be Gas Safe and OFTEC and have experience with Range Cookers and boilers. Van, Mobile, Uniform and ongoing training provided. Salary up to £40,000 depending on experience, plus commission and overtime available. Normally Monday to Friday, but may be a need for Saturday work as the company needs. Job Type: Full-time Salary: £35,000 – £40,000 per year If you feel you would be a good fit for the team here at O’Briens Range Cookers please call 01373 463535 or email "


"We are always keen to speak to air conditioning engineers who have the right experience, including excellent customer service skills and attention to detail. When you come to work for us, you will be fulfilling a role working on an extremely varied portfolio of projects in commercial and domestic air conditioning. There will be opportunities to work with all types of equipment, including heat pumps, extractors, ducted systems and bespoke display wall units. Essential criteria: Minimum of 10 years’ HVAC experience Ability to undertake planned and reactive support servicing of equipment using own initiative Ability to work as part of a team installing new equipment Relevant City & Guilds or F-Gas qualifications Good health and safety awareness Full, clean driving licence DBS checked Ability to exceed client expectations and deliver excellent service Attention to detail, tidiness on site and a conscientious approach Does this sound like you? Please send your CV to including your telephone number and some information regarding what you can add to the team"


"Opening for a trainee engineers on a 2-year IT apprentice required to join one of largest wireless broadband networks. The opportunity offers an exciting challenge into delivering Wireless and full fibre broadband services for a 2-year placement. Successful candidates will join a distant learning course, be trained in deployment of wireless radios, fibre termination, structured cabling, Installation of customer CPE and IT support. Clean driving license required. Job Details Basic computer skills Ideal age 17-21 or school leaver Work with structured cabling Work at heights with access platforms Work on masts including climbing Configure customer routers and CPE's Aligning microwave radios & fibre termination Offers: 25hrs to 40 per week min Full training with education Support to gaining driving license Extra hours Potential full time and apprenticeship"

What does an Engineer do?

An Engineer can work across a wide range of different industries the exact job role depends on the sector. An Engineer will have a speciality, which determines their responsibilities and types of projects on which they work. Some examples of specialities include a Civil Engineer, Aerospace Engineer or a Software Engineer.

Regardless of the specific sector, an Engineer employs their scientific and mathematical knowledge to solve complex technical problems. For example, a Civil Engineer will focus on construction problems, such as spanning a river with a bridge. A Software Engineer may focus on designing new software to streamline a user’s online experience. An Aerospace Engineer will work on designing and testing new parts for aeroplanes.


Engineer skills and qualifications

A successful Engineer will have an extensive array of technical skills that they can use to problem-solve, design and build new products and analyse results. A successful Engineer will need strong communication skills, the ability to work well in a team environment and extensive knowledge of their own speciality or industry. They will require relevant engineering qualifications within their sector. A successful Engineer candidate will have various prerequisite skills and qualifications, these include:

  • Extensive mathematical and scientific knowledge
  • Specific knowledge of their specialisation, such as knowledge of aviation if employed as an Aerospace Engineer
  • Excellent analytical and reporting skills
  • Knowledge of design, manufacturing and construction processes
  • Knowledge of design and engineering software, such as CAD
  • Ability to communicate complex information in an easy-to-understand format


Engineer experience requirements

A successful Engineer will require extensive experience within their field. Entry-level candidates should demonstrate relevant work experience or placements. They can often arrange work experience through an apprenticeship, higher education college or university. Many university students will be able to demonstrate a year in industry, where they will undertake comprehensive on-the-job experience.

Senior engineering roles often require a minimum of four years of experience. Extensive experience within the correct engineering specialty is essential. For example, a Civil Engineer may work for a government planning department, while an Electrical Engineer may work for an energy provider.


Engineer education and training requirements

An Engineer needs a strong academic background, regardless of the field in which they specialise. Engineers require excellent GCSE and A-level results to progress onto engineering courses at university. Courses require strong results in maths and physics. A chemical engineering course would require a strong result in chemistry, while mechanical engineering would require further maths.

Candidates also require strong academic results in their chosen university course. Engineers usually specialise through their course. Strong candidates complete relevant training and work placements while they are at university. Postgraduate courses can help to further a candidate’s knowledge of their speciality. Professional engineering qualifications from reputed bodies, such as the Institution of Civil Engineers or the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, are helpful.


Engineer salary expectations

According to Indeed Salaries, the average salary for an Engineer is £33,938 per year. Salary may be dependent on experience, location and company.


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Engineer job description FAQs


Which qualities does a good Engineer have?

A good Engineer will require strong practical and theoretical skills in their chosen specialisation. A good Engineer needs to be a team player, well organised and should have precise attention to detail.


What makes a good Engineer job description?

A good Engineer job description will specify the sector of the role and focus on and the specialisation skills that the role requires. A good job description will outline the education, qualifications and experience the company requires.  A good job description will also outline the values of the company and the working environment that the candidate can expect.


What are the different types of Engineers?

There are many different types of Engineers, working across a multitude of industries. The most well-known engineering roles include: Civil Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Electronic and Electrical Engineer, Chemical Engineer and General Engineer.

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