Lorry Driver Job Description: Top Duties and Qualifications

A Lorry Driver, or HGV Driver is responsible for transporting goods and deliveries to their intended destinations. Their duties include driving heavy goods vehicles, planning delivery schedules and unloading deliveries.


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Lorry Driver duties and responsibilities

A Lorry Driver is responsible for the goods they are assigned to transport. They  are responsible for keeping to a schedule and ensuring that the goods are delivered intact, without damages and as requested by the customer. A Lorry Driver’s main duties and responsibilities include:

  • Ensuring vehicles are mechanically sound and legally roadworthy
  • Performing basic repairs and maintenance in the event of accident or breakdown while in transit 
  • Safely securing heavy loads and large goods for transport
  • Organising the most efficient route from pickup point to drop off point
  • Keeping informed of road closures, accidents and traffic diversions
  • Organising multiple drop-offs and deliveries in each working day
  • Supervising and assisting with the loading and unloading of deliveries into the lorry
  • Updating vehicle log books, recording deliveries and tracking mileage 
  • Complying with all MOT and in-house regulations and rules


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What does a Lorry Driver do?

A Lorry Driver is employed by a delivery company or transport provider to deliver goods from a supplier to a customer. A Lorry Driver makes deliveries using large goods vehicles or heavy goods vehicles and is responsible for making deliveries on time and to the correct address. They are in charge of setting their own driving routes and daily schedule while also minimising fuel consumption and delivery times. A Lorry Driver delivers a wide range of goods that include industrial materials, food, beverages or consumer goods. The goods that they deliver vary depending on the industry they work in.  


Lorry Driver skills and qualifications

A successful Lorry Driver candidate will have certain prerequisite skills and qualifications. They need the appropriate driving qualifications to operate heavy goods vehicles and a range of organisational and logistics skills that typically include:

  • Ability to drive long distances in cramped conditions while maintaining concentration
  • Ability to drive through the night or spend long periods of time away from home
  • Mechanical skills, such as changing the engine oil
  • Ability to communicate with both suppliers and customers and provide up-to-date information, such as delivery times
  • A full UK driving license, ideally with zero points 
  • Certificate of Professional Competence (CPC) for driving
  • HGV (Heavy Goods Vehicle) License, covering Category C1 and Category C vehicles 
  • Must be over 18 years of age with the ability to lift 20 kilogrammes


Lorry Driver experience requirements

Lorry Drivers need a minimum of two years of experience driving large goods vehicles, buses or other commercial vehicles. They ideally have at least five years of experience driving non-commercial vehicles and experience driving and navigating in a variety of weather conditions, times of the day and different parts of the country. Employers can look for candidates with prior experience working in warehouses and logistics roles, while any mechanical experience is always an added bonus. 


Lorry Driver education and training requirements

Lorry Drivers require GCSEs in English and maths as a minimum. Knowledge of the Highway Code is essential. Look for candidates who have attended recognised HGV or LGV training courses, such as those provided by the Freight Transport Association or the Road Haulage Association. 


Lorry Driver salary expectations

According to Indeed Salaries, the average salary for a Lorry Driver in the UK is £32,504 per year. Salary may depend on experience, location and company. 


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Lorry Driver job description FAQs


What is the difference between a Lorry Driver and a Delivery Driver?

A Lorry Driver is responsible for driving large goods or heavy goods vehicles. A Delivery Driver is also responsible for delivering goods from suppliers to customers; however, a Delivery Driver often drives smaller vehicles, not lorries. Delivery Drivers are often responsible for small commercial deliveries rather than large industrial deliveries. 


What makes a good Lorry Driver job description?

A good Lorry Driver job description provides details of the potential driving routes or geographical areas where the candidate is  expected  to work. For example, a good Lorry Driver job description details whether the candidate has to make international deliveries or if they are required to overnight in different cities. A good job description also details whether the Lorry Driver is given any perks, such as extra payments for increased mileage or night driving. 


What is the difference between a Light Goods Vehicle and a Heavy Goods Vehicle?

Lorry Drivers are ideally able to drive both Light Goods Vehicles and Heavy Goods Vehicles, but employers must know the difference between the licenses that apply to each class of vehicle to ensure applicants have the correct qualifications. A Light Goods Vehicle is classed as a commercial vehicle under 3.5 tonnes in weight. A Heavy Goods Vehicle is classed as a commercial vehicle over 3.5 tonnes. 

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