Security Guard Job Description: Top Duties and Qualifications

A Security Guard, or Security Officer, is responsible for safeguarding a person, building or valuable items. Their primary duties include checking and admitting visitors into a building, patrolling the premises at regular intervals and responding to any distress calls and alarms.

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Security Guard duties and responsibilities

Security Guards work in a range of settings. Some work for large companies and are sent out to various locations on a daily or weekly basis. Others work at the same business, office building or school everyday. To excel at their job, Security Guards will need to fulfill the following important duties and responsibilities:

  • Carrying out security checks on visitors, on arrival and exit using security scanners and other equipment
  • Performing luggage checks as required
  • Keeping a record of all visitors including the time of arrival and departure
  • Monitoring surveillance cameras
  • Responding to alarms within the premises
  • Patrolling the premises regularly to ensure nothing is out of place
  • Liaising with law enforcement in the case of suspected or reported criminal activity
  • Performing scheduled and random checks of designated areas throughout the facility to check for any security breaches 
  • Assisting the maintenance staff in securing an area during a maintenance emergency

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Security Guard Job Description Examples:


Example 1

Fortel is one of the UK's leading security companies, offering a crucial service to key clients, focusing on reliability, professionalism and customer service. Security Officer As a Security Officer, you are at the heart of our operation. We are looking for individuals who share our energy and passion and will contribute to our ongoing success. Role Outline Experience as a Security Officer is not a prerequisite for this role. What matters most to us is that you take pride in what you do and are willing to learn. Every day will be different in this role, but you will be providing a consistent service. Your day-to-day responsibilities include: * Patrolling premises to prevent and detect signs of intrusion, ensuring the security of perimeter and gates. * Recalling and relaying information accurately, verbally and in a report format. * Answering alarms and investigating disturbances. You will be required to monitor and authorize the entrance and departure of employees, visitors and other persons to guard against theft and maintain security of premises. * Calling emergency services as required, such as fire or presence of unauthorized persons, before circulating information among visitors, patrons and employees to preserve order and protect property. * Understanding and following both company and site Health & Safety regulations. * Writing reports of daily activities and irregularities, such as equipment or property damage, theft, presence of unauthorized persons. Our expectations You will need to be aged 18 or over, a confident communicator who is a team player with the drive to provide a friendly and professional service at all times. A respectable knowledge of IT is also key. We may require you to work on different sites fulfilling different duties and working a variety of different shift patterns, therefore you will be required to have a flexible approach to the work offered. It is beneficial if you have your own transport. Both full time and part time opportunities are available. You must hold a valid SIA licence, a 5 year checkable work history and display a smart and professional appearance, alongside a dedication to providing a high quality customer service. Qualifications and What We Offer *Full and ongoing training *Structure career development prospects. * Full Uniform and PPE provided * Pension Scheme If you think you can contribute positively to our winning team, please apply by completing the online application. Fortel is an equal opportunity employer, we are committed to ensuring that all hiring decisions are based on competence, performance and business needs.  By applying for this role you are agreeing to our privacy statement which can be found on [website] Job Types: Full-time, Part-time, Contract Benefits: * On-site parking Schedule: * 12 hour shift * Day shift * Night shift * Weekends Experience: * security: 2 years (preferred) * Driving Licence (preferred) * SIA Badge (preferred) Work remotely: * No

What does a Security Guard do?

A Security Guard is responsible for ensuring the security of a building and the things and people in it. They use surveillance equipment, alarms and access control applications to keep the people and items under their watch secure. If there’s a problem related to the damaged property, criminal activity or other disturbances, the Security Guards will deal with the problem and contact authorities. 

Security Guard skills and qualifications

A successful Security Guard candidate will have certain prerequisite skills and qualifications in order to fulfill their duties effectively. These skills include:

  • Knowledge of standard security and safety protocols
  • Excellent verbal communication skills
  • Ability to work well in a team
  • Exceptional physical fitness and strength
  • Quick thinking and problem-solving skills
  • Strong attention to detail
  • Ability to work in high-pressure environments
  • Working knowledge of relevant computer applications

Security Guard experience requirements

Security Guards are usually required to complete on-the-job training. They must also have experience applying standard security protocol in a relevant setting (residential or commercial). Candidates with at least a year more experience in a security role are preferred along with candidates who have experience working with surveillance equipment, using scanning tools and carrying out safe pat-downs.

For Senior Security Guard or Security Supervisor positions, candidates must have at least five years of experience working as a Security Guard. They must also have experience managing a team of Security Guards and performing administrative tasks related to the role.

Security Guard education and training requirements

Security Guards must have the minimum General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) in English and maths. A Bachelor’s Degree is typically not required, but may improve their employability. Security Guards are required to obtain a front line licence from the Security Industry Authority (SIA) before they can apply to work in the field. To obtain this licence, Security Guards must obtain either a Level 2 Award for Working as a Security Officer within the Private Security Industry, or Award for Working as a Security Officer within the Private Security Industry (Scotland) at SCQF level 6. Previous police or military training is a plus.

Security Guard salary expectations

According to Indeed Salaries, Security Guards earn an average salary of £9.29 per hour. This figure will vary depending on the number of years of experience, industry and geographical location. It will also depend on whether the Security Guard is employed directly or through a private security firm.

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Security Guard job description FAQs

Who does a Security Guard report to?

A Security Guard reports to the Head of Security at an organisation. In a residential environment, the Security Guard may report to the Housekeeper or the head of the family.

What are the different types of Security Guards?

There are many different types of Security Guards. These include Static Guards, who work at the entrance or exit points of a building to control access and screen visitors; Patrol Guards, who move around the building’s premises, looking out for threats; and Undercover Guards, who handle security issues in a discreet manner.

Do Security Guards have different responsibilities in different industries?

Yes, Security Guards in different industries have slightly different responsibilities. Security Guards working in the banking sector will have a few additional responsibilities, compared to a residential Security Guard or one who works in a supermarket.

What makes a good Security Guard job description?

A good Security Guard job description will provide just enough detail about the role including necessary skills, responsibilities and education requirements to make potential candidates interested in applying. It will also need a concise overview of your company to let applicants know what kind of culture and workplace they would be welcome into if accepted.

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