What does a Software Engineer do?
Software Engineers code new computer programs and develop existing ones. Depending on their employer, they may work on computer games, business software or operating systems. Software Engineers create programs that are user-friendly and efficient. They constantly revise programs to make sure they serve customers better. They also correct bugs within their programs to boost reliability and performance. Software Engineers typically work within groups of IT specialists. They might collaborate with Analysts, Designers and Testers.
Software Engineer skills and qualifications
Software Engineers rely on a range of skills for their success. Businesses employing new Software Engineers look for candidates with the following skills:
- Fluency in common programming languages including C++, Java and Python
- Technical understanding of front-end web technologies, operating systems and platforms
- Verbal and written communication, especially making complex concepts more accessible
- Diagnostic skills for identifying why programs that do not meet requirements and how to improve them
- Problem-solving for improving programs and resolving bugs
Software Engineer experience requirements
Junior Software Engineers must have several years of professional experience before getting a senior role. MANY companies employing Senior Software Engineers prefer candidates who have experience leading IT teams and using a variety of coding languages and technologies.
Software Engineer education and training requirements
Software Engineers generally need at least a bachelor’s degree in a relevant discipline. Degrees in computer science, computer software, computer systems engineering and information systems are the most beneficial. Employers may also consider candidates with degrees in electronics, mathematics or physics. They may also consider candidates with non-technical degrees if they have good technical knowledge. Many large companies require candidates to have a 2:1 degree or above in a computing-related field. Some employers may also consider hiring Software Engineers with Higher National Diplomas in computer-related subjects, instead of a degree.
Enroling in a postgraduate IT conversion or technical postgraduate course can give candidates with non-computer-related degrees more relevant skills. Software Engineers must enrol in professional development courses throughout their careers to understand new technologies.
Software Engineer salary expectations
According to Indeed Salaries, the average salary of a Software Engineer is £43,064 per year. Salary may vary according to experience, location, employer and area of specialty.
Job description samples for similar positions
The skills and duties of Software Engineers overlap with several other technical roles. Similar positions include: